農業情報研究所

新型コロナと農業・農村・食料 20.4~ 最終更新:20.9.21

Cuba’s Economy Was Hurting. The Pandemic Brought a Food Crisis.,The New York Times,20.9.20New

The island was able to control the coronavirus, but the dearth of tourists in the pandemic’s wake strangled an economy already damaged by mismanagement and U.S. sanctions.

  

More than 200 meat plant workers in the U.S. have died of covid-19. Federal regulators just issued two modest fines.The Washingtojn Post,,20.9.13

Federal regulators knew about serious safety problems in dozens of the nation’s meat plants that became deadly coronavirus hot spots this spring but took six months to take action, recently citing two plants and finally requiring changes to protect workers.

The financial penalties for a Smithfield Foods plant in South Dakota and a JBS plant in Colorado issued last week total about $29,000 — an amount critics said was so small that it would fail to serve as an incentive for the nation’s meatpackers to take social distancing and other measures to protect their employees.

FAO to continue to support G20 to address the pandemic and strengthen agri-food systems FAO 20.9.12

「農ある暮らし」と「リゾートテレワーク」 県、宅建協会などとモデル事業 信濃毎日新聞 20.9.9

茅野市で農ある暮らしを オンラインセミナー  長野日報 20.9.6

Q&A: Family Farming in Latin America & the Caribbean Hard Hit by COVID-19 Restrictions,IPS,20.8.17

‎With limited transport options to carry their goods to the market, lack of protective gear, and limited financial resources, family farmers across Latin America are facing grave consequences as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
According to a survey carried out by the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) with 118 family farming specialists — defined as professionals with high levels of knowledge in the agricultural sector in general and family agriculture in particular — across 29 countries, many of the respondents said they were already facing the brunt of the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19 risks to global food security David Laborde, Will Martin, Johan Swinnen, Rob Vos Science  31 Jul 2020:Vol. 369, Issue 6503, pp. 500-502

A farming revolution is what we need in this crisis,FT.com,20.7.30;Financial Times,31 July 2020,p.177

Choc waves: how coronavirus shook the cocoa market,FT.com,20.7.30,Financkial Times,20.7.30,p8
‎Commodity slumps amid the biggest quarterly decline in processing in six years

外食1000店超が閉鎖 業態転換などで長期低迷に備え 日本経済新聞 20.7.29

FAO launches Hand-in-Hand geospatial data platform to help build stronger food and agriculture sectors post COVID-19,FAO,20.7.21

‎The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) today launched the Hand-in-Hand geospatial platform with a large and rich set of data on food, agriculture, socioeconomics, and natural resources to help strengthen evidence-based decision-making in the food and agriculture sectors.

Pact to aid poor cocoa farmers in peril as COVID-19 hits demand,Reuters,20.7.20

[新型コロナ] コロナ禍 都市農業の価値認識 住民8割「保全必要」 農水省調査 日本農業新聞 20.7.19

Beware the ‘Hunger’ to Access Indigenous Peoples’ Land and Resources for Post-COVID-19 Recovery,IPS,20.7.9

Pandemic to Spark Biggest Retreat for Meat Eating in Decades,Bloomberg,20.7.7

問われるコロナ後の農と食 これから生きていく道は地域自給権確立と家族農業 滝川康治「東山寛さんインタビュー~コロナ後の北海道農業」 北方ジャーナル 207月号

Alimentation : « Les pratiques agricoles vertueuses doivent être soutenues »,Le Monde,20.6.28

‎Au-delà de la question de la souveraineté alimentaire, la crise liée à l’épidémie du Covid-19 place l’enjeu de la durabilité au cœur de nouvelles politiques agricoles volontaristes qui ciblent les productions plus saines et plus écologiques, estime, dans une tribune au « Monde », un collectif de quatre chercheurs.

The Critical Role of Women in Avoiding a Covid-19 “Food Pandemic” in sub-Saharan Africa,IPS,20.6.24‎

Souveraineté alimentaire La diversification territoriale, un véritable défi collectif,Agri Mutuel,20.6.18

Avec le retour en force du concept de souveraineté alimentaire en ce contexte de crise sanitaire, l’idée de la relocalisation de la production, notamment agricole, fait partie de tous les plans de relance proposés par les organisations agricoles ou politiques. Quels leviers peut-on mobiliser pour y parvenir ?

Si la pandémie de Covid-19 et le confinement ont redonné de l’attrait au local et à la souveraineté alimentaire, cette souveraineté dépend d’une diversification des productions. Cette diversification est d’ailleurs « une nécessité, si l’on veut concilier deux objectifs aujourd’hui contradictoires, la sécurité alimentaire pour nourrir une humanité croissante, et la protection de notre environnement », a rappelé Gilles Lemaire, directeur de recherche honoraire à l’Inra, à l’occasion d’un webinaire organisé par l’Académie d’agriculture et Agreenium autour de la territorialisation de l’alimentation, le 17 juin. 

Food Insecurity Concerns for Latin America and the Caribbean,IPS,20.6.18

After the Pandemic, a Global Hunger Crisis,The New York Times,20.6.13

Global food markets still brace for uncertainty in 2020/21 because of COVID-19 says FAO,FAO,20.6.11

Agroecology. The Challenge of Farming for the Future,IPS,20.6,8

Pandemic exposes vulnerability of agricultural supply chain,ABC Rural,20.6.7

Safeguarding Africa’s Food Security in the Age of COVID-19,IPS,20.6.5‎

The Struggle for Land and Food in the Locked-down Philippines,IPS,20.6.5

FAO Food Price Index falls to 17-month low,FAO,20.6.4

Coronavirus: UK farmers face brutal test ahead of Brexit,FT.com,20.6.3

The pandemic has exposed tensions over food security that are now playing out in the UK-EU trade talks

US online grocery shopping jumps as chains rush to add capacity,FT.com,20.6.1

Online grocery sales in the US jumped by a quarter over the past month, according to research, as retailers solved the teething problems caused by heavy demand in the early stages of the pandemic.

In Mexico, coronavirus floods food banks with demand,Deutsche Welle,20.5.30

Farmers markets are leading the way on creating a sustainable, safe local economy,The Washingtojn Post,20.5.29

[新型コロナ禍 農と食] 家族で考える「国産」 “風”起こす体験農園 日本農業新聞 20.5.27

The nutrition crisis of covid-19 will be even worse than the disease,The Washingtojn Post,20.5.25

The End of Meat Is Here,The New York Times,20.5.22       

Coronavirus lockdowns keep bees at home and put crops at risk,Deutsche Welle,20.5.20

Covid-19 makes a strong case for urban farming,Business Daily,20.5.20

‎Time is ripe for an urban and peri-urban agricultural economy to be re-engineered to create multifunctional cities that provide multiple benefits.

Since the outbreak of Covid-19 in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019, the disease has spread across the globe, infecting over four million people and claiming more than 300,000 lives.

Although loss of human life is the most devastating of all, the pandemic is already causing an economic meltdown globally. Its serious impacts are bound to be felt most in the already poor economies. Cities and town, where people live and work in close proximity, are among the worst hit in light of how the disease spreads

Lockdowns, enforced as one of the ways to curb the spread of the disease, have resulted in an economic downturn, with large numbers of people losing their jobs. In Kenya and Ethiopia, for example, thousands of people in the tourism sector are out of work: drivers, cleaners, tour guides, and security guards at resorts are suddenly not earning as much as before the pandemic.

Others who survive on daily incomes such as those who sell roast corn on the side of the road in Nairobi and street vendors in Addis Ababa are left with nothing to eat on the days they do not sell enough. While a significant number of salaried people have had to adjust to reduced pay, others who are lucky to be still on full salaries are suddenly spending more time at home due to restricted movement.

The urban dwellers are now faced with a looming food crisis as authorities disconnect cities from rural areas to contain the virus, and to protect elderly populations residing in the rural areas. Even with transportation of foodstuff from the rural areas allowed as a special service, there is an anticipated increase in prices.

Restrictions on movement and in severe cases lockdowns, have further reduced transportation significantly. That means there is triple problem here; the virus causing death and havoc, a larger number of people sitting at home without work and a potential food crises in towns because little is being brought from the rural areas.

For countries in eastern Africa, they still have to grapple with the consequences of abnormal rainfall and floods last year which destroyed crops, followed by a locust outbreak which is predicted to come back stronger this growing season. How then do countries in the region deal with such multiple cascading hazards?

While the medical fraternity is doing their fight on the front line, supporting peri-urban farming is another area that would benefit from a plan to tackle the devastating effects outlined above.

A drive through cities such as Nairobi portrays a picture of crops growing everywhere (empty plots, sidewalks, backyards, etc.) and rearing of mostly poultry. However, this is under-utilised with only a small proportion of available land or opportunities utilised. Even then, it is mostly by the very poor or jobless urban dwellers (most have no rights to land) with a few from the middle and high-income class doing it as a hobby and a small group of others in real agri-business ventures.

Covid-19 is challenging this model by adding a large pool of people who are losing jobs and yet they had started establishing themselves as permanent city dwellers through land ownership and settlement. Chances are that a large proportion of this group will be adamant and stay put in the sprawling city suburbs as opposed to moving back to the rural environments.

With proper implementation, peri-urban farming could be a major avenue to bridge some of the food gaps and contribute to the much-needed employment creation, potentially absorbing a large section of those now completely or partially jobless, or just have more time being at home.

Another benefit would be the reduction of the current heavy urban waste burden, as these become nutrient sources for urban farming. In a way, the hundreds of thousands distributed across the cityscape provide a sort of crowdsourcing, not of data but of food and waste management.

There are very good examples of successful urban and peri-urban farming with some groups even operating farmer networks. However, these are only in isolated places and their overall impact is still small.

A reinvigoration of urban and peri-urban farming must now take place. Supporting existing networks to expand their reach and exporting their decades of experiences to other parts of urban areas will increase impact. Besides, putting together the currently scattered knowledge will allow for easier access and utilisation.

An example is starting a peri-urban virtual hub where urban dwellers can access and learn about technologies available for farming in small spaces. This should include waste management so that household organic remains are composted and used in production.

Establishing an immediate seed systems would ensure every neighbourhood has nurseries or vendors producing and selling seedlings because clearly not everyone should produce their own seedlings for small spaces.

CGIAR centres and their partners can also support application of advanced hyper-resolution earth observation systems to map, characterise and recommend suitability of pockets of areas for urban or peri-urban farming.

This is key to sensitisation about the potential of urban agriculture and guiding government investment through all stages such as identification of suitable sites, seed and other input supply, and related value chains through geospatial analytics. This will not only allow us to understand the supply, but also define demand and market sources.

Time is ripe for an urban and peri-urban agricultural economy to be re-engineered to create multifunctional cities that provide multiple benefits. Ultimately, we can create healthy population from dirty towns! In relation to human health, people with low immune system are highly susceptible to Covid-19 and similar diseases. Fortunately, the focus of urban agriculture has largely been on high value (nutrient) vegetables, which is good for human health and boosting the immune system.

Ms Nzuki is Africa Communications Coordinator, Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT.

COVID-19: Zimbabwe’s Smallholder Farmers Step into the Food Supply Gap,IPS,20.5.14

‎Bulawayo, Zimbabwe’ second city of some 700,000 people, has experienced a shortage of vegetables this year, with major producers citing a range of challenges from poor rains to the inability to access to bank loans to finance their operations. But this shortage has created a market gap that Zimbabwe smallholders — some 1.5 million people according to government figures — have an opportunity to fill. 

“Smallholder farmers are the highest producers of diverse food crops, some estimate that they supply over 80 percent of what many of us [in the whole country] are even currently consuming,” Nelson Mudzingwa, the National Coordinator of the Zimbabwe Small Holder Organic Farmers Forum (ZIMSOFF), the local chapter of the Eastern and Southern Africa Small Scale Farmers Forum (ESAFF), told IPS.

Rice bowl threatened,Bangkok Post,20.5.11

Punjab and Haryana are at risk of losing their status as India's rice bowl as authorities try to persuade farmers to switch to cotton and maize.

The official explanation is that shrinking water tables in the two northern states have made crop diversification away from water-intensive rice an urgent priority.

But farmers say the real reason for the sudden urgency is the shortage of farm labour triggered by the country's Covid-19 lockdown, which is only starting to be eased.

In the two states, an estimated one million labourers, mainly from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, undertake the bulk of paddy transplanting each year.

Mandeep Singh is among the farmers worried about finding help with his crop this year. He farms 40 acres in Nabha, a sub-division of Patiala district in Punjab, about 290 kilometres north of Delhi.

Will Melbourne's growing urban sprawl impact food security?,ABC Rural,20.5.9

‎A sixth-generation farming family living on the urban fringes of Melbourne are watching

Andrew Thompson, a fifth generation farmer whose land sits on the fringes of Melbourne, knows he is a dying breed.

Mr Thompson, whose family has farmed his Tooborac property in northern Victoria for 53 years, sees the signs every day as properties around him are subdivided or sold off whole to non-farmers seeking a lifestyle change.

But that transformation has ramifications not just for small farming communities like his, but for those who live and work in the cities and depend on fresh produce.

According to RMIT Associate Professor Andrew Butt at the Centre for Urban Research, Melbourne's urban fringe provides nearly half of all vegetables and the majority of eggs, chicken, herbs and berry fruit for the city — and it is under threat.

In The Future of the Fringe — a new book he has co-authored and the CSIRO has published — Professor Butt argued that rural land within 150 kilometres of the city was for human survival this century, particularly in times of a crisis like COVID-19.

Small Farms in N.Y. Are Experiencing a Surprising Boom. Here’s Why.The New York Times,20.5.10,

When the restaurants closed, factory farms lost their customers. Local produce is suddenly in demand.

SA must move towards a democratised and recalibrated food system,Daily Maverick,20.5.8

The Covid-19 crisis has exposed the stark inequalities that persist in our society. Vast disparities in access to healthcare, food, shelter, personal safety, water, transport and communications have been laid bare.

Hunger numbers: Millions, millions, millions need food,,Daily Maverick,20.5.8

農水産業と流通業へコロナ対策レポート公表 マーケティング施策を提案 流通経済研究所 農業協同組合新聞 20.5.8

Ireland’s beef industry takes severe hit from coronavirus ,FT.com,20.5.5

‎Pandemic causes additional pain in economically and politically vital sector already hurt by low prices

Ireland is Europe’s biggest beef exporter, selling 90 per cent of its beef to the UK, France, Italy, Germany and elsewhere. Now it is battling coronavirus outbreaks in six meat processing plants and facing sharp drops in prices and production after lockdowns in key markets.

Amid Covid-19 Hunger Fear Mounts in Bangladesh,IPS,20.4.30

COVID-19 hampers response as ‘perfect storm’ of locusts builds in East AfricaIRIN,20.4.28

Understanding the Hunger Surge Caused by the COVID-19 Recession to Mitigate It Before It Is Too Late,IPS,20.4.29

COVID-19 – How Eswatini’s Garden Farmers are Keeping the Vegetable Supply Flowing,IPS,20.4.28

Smallholder farmers are Africa’s lifeline in Covid-19 food crisis,Business Daily,20.4.28

IMF and WTO heads call for lifting trade restrictions on medical supplies and food,WTO,20.4.25

Rice growing localities, exporters want export limits scrapped,Viet Nam News,20.4.23

Coronavirus, New Threat for Mexican Migrant Workers in the U.S.,IPS,20.4.22

遠洋マグロ船出港できず 感染防止、外国人船員に規制 宮城・気仙沼 河北新報 20.4.20

55万人の農民が出稼ぎ先にチャーター車両で直行 四川省の「春風行動」 AFPBB 0.4.19

Crops at risk as coronavirus lockdown grounds bees,FT,com,20.4.18

COVID-19. No school meals, millions of kids at risk of food insecurity,IPS,20.4.15

Fishermen struggling as restaurants shuttered worldwide,Bangkok Post,20.4.16

Agricultural land price increases during COVID-19,Viet Nam News,20.4.15

While most of the realty segment has struggled during the COVID-19 pandemic, agricultural land is still a hot investment as more people want to return to rural areas for a more environmentally-friendly life.

Global Covid-19 lockdowns boost urban farming,New Era,20.4.14

Lockdown restrictions in many countries around the world due to the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) global pandemic have resulted in the growing trend of people growing fruit and vegetables at home.
In recent weeks, international media reports have highlighted panic-buying among consumers responding to the global health crisis, resulting in empty supermarket shelves.

However, there has also reportedly been a marked increase in the purchase of seeds to grow fresh produce.
This trend could provide a potentially lasting boost to the global urban farming movement.
Commenting on this shift in consumer behaviour, landscape architect Kotchakorn Voraakhom, who designed Asia’s largest urban rooftop farm in Bangkok, Thailand, said: “More people are thinking about where their food comes from, how easily it can be disrupted, and how to reduce disruptions.”

Dr Jill Edmondson, environmental scientist at the University of Sheffield in the UK, told Horticulture Week that: “At the moment, the UK is utterly dependent on complex international supply chains for the vast majority of our fruit and half of our vegetables, but our research suggests there is more than enough space to grow what we need on our doorstep.”
About 16% of fruit and 53% of vegetables sold in the UK were domestically grown, and a move towards urban farming could significantly improve food security in the region, she said.
In Singapore, where more than 90% of the city-state’s food was imported, urban farming, including vertical and rooftop farms, was also increasing in popularity.

According to Reuters, Ang Wei Neng, a MP in Singapore, said that during the Covid-19 pandemic, “it would be wise for us to think of how to invest in home-grown food”.
Also speaking to Reuters, Allan Lim, chief executive of ComCrop, a commercial urban farm in Singapore, said the pandemic was a reminder that disruptions to food supplies could take place at any time.
“It has definitely sparked more interest in local produce. Urban farms can be a shock absorber during disruptions such as this.”- Farmer’s Weekly 

Fertiliser group Incitec ramps up 'vital' supply so farmers can feed Australians,Sydney Morning Herald,20.4.13

Finance Ministry aims to suspend ordinary rice exports,Viet Nam News20.4.10

Reimagining Farming Post-Covid Pandemic,IPS,20.3.6 

Lockdown stalls Indian rice exports,Bangkok Post,20.4.5

MUMBAI: Indian rice traders have stopped signing new export contracts amid the nationwide lockdown to curb the spread of coronavirus, as labour shortages and logistics shave hampered the delivery of even existing contracts, industry executives say.

China able to ensure food security despite coronavirus impact,xinhua,20.4.5

新型コロナで食料供給難も 労働力不足で米欧警戒 日本経済新聞 20.4.3