農業情報研究所

世界の農業・食料関係ニュース:過去1週間(World food and agriculture:past one weak 

2020年2月21日

世界 農水産物貿易 アグリビジネス アジア オセアニア 中近東・北アフリカ アフリカ  ヨーロッパ 北米 中南米 

世界(World)(to 

 

 

農水産物貿易(Agricultural and marine products trade)top) 

 

アジア(Asia)to

感染症対策と耕作準備を両立 中国・雲南省 AFPBB 20.2.20

220 Xinhua News】新型コロナウイルスによる肺炎との闘いが続く中、中国雲南省石林イ族自治県の農民たちは感染症予防に努めると同時に、春の農作業に向けて種や肥料の準備、ビニールハウスの設置などに精を出している。
 

ECC bans onion export, sets wheat procurement target at 8.25m tonnes,Dawn,20.2.20

ISLAMABAD: Panicked by rising inflation affecting the general public, the government on Wednesday banned export of onions and set a target of wheat procurement for coming season on federal and provincial levels at 8.25 million tonnes at a minimum price of Rs1,365 per 40 kg
 

China to help fight locusts as major crops face danger,Dawn,20.2.19

ISLAMABAD: China is sending a team of technical experts to Pakistan to deliberate on the aerial management of locust swarms in the country.

The locust swarm invaded the country last year and has devastated the cotton crop in the last planting season and is already threatening the country’s wheat crop.

The swarm arrived last summer, but has grown to threatening proportions since November 2019 when the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) issued a warning that the swarm has started to leave its reproducing grounds in the deserts from Cholistan to Tharparkar.

The federal government has declared an emergency this month but is struggling to figure out a robust response.

In this regard, Minister for National Food Security and Research Makhdoom Khusro Bakhtyar on Tuesday met with Chinese Ambassador to Pakistan Yao Jing and underscored the urgent need of aerial support along with pesticides to contain the breeding of locusts in vulnerable areas.

The envoy assured of full support and to consider supply of pesticides and spraying equipment to Pakistan as an emergency project.
  

Chickens from Vietnam banned,Phnom Penh Post,20.2.18

Prime Minister Hun Sen has ordered Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Veng Sakhon to take action to prevent the spread of bird flu (H5N1) from Vietnam into the Kingdom as an outbreak of the disease plagues southern Vietna
 

Can Indian Farmers Adapt to Water Loss?,IPS,20.2.18

Over the last few decades, groundwater has become the major source of irrigation for Indian agriculture. Pumped by millions of privately-owned tube-wells, it contributes 60 percent of the water used for irrigation, having grown by 105 percent since the 1970s.

However, India is now facing a severe crisis of groundwater depletion, and the most vulnerable are the hundreds of millions of small-scale farmers who crucially depend on irrigation water for their livelihoods.

The manner in which these farmers will cope with and adapt to these changes will have dramatic implications for global food security, social stability, and progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals.
  

Fruit, vegetable exports hit by coronavirus ,Dawn,20.2.18

KARACHI: Fruits and vegetables exporters are facing problems due to shortage of reefer containers following reduction in the volume of import cargo from China where a thousand people have died due to coronavirus.

All Pakistan Fruit and Vegetable Exporters, Importers and Merchants Association Patron-in-Chief Waheed Ahmed said it’s peak export season for kinnow, potato and onion but they are suffering due to acute shortage of empty reefer containers.
 

Coronavirus fears force China into mass chicken cull,FT.com,20.2.17

China is to begin importing live chickens from the US as feed shortages due to the coronavirus force poultry farms in the world’s second-biggest economy to start culling millions of young birds.

The culling of poultry follows the mass slaughter of pigs in China due to African swine fever over the past year and threatens to worsen a protein shortage in the country that has sparked rising inflation and soaring meat prices

“There is no question China’s chicken population will fall sharply in the coming months, said Qiu Cong of Jinghai Poultry Industry Group, a leading chicken producer. “The chicks are gone and farmers are struggling to make ends meet.”

Farmers have slaughtered at least 100m young chickens because travel restrictions imposed to control the spread of the coronavirus have blocked shipments of animal feed, according to a report by Wang Zhongqiang, former director at the China Animal Husbandry Association, and Ning Zhonghua, a professor at China Agricultural University.

While this only represented 1 per cent of China annual production of 9.3bn grown chickens, the trend was expected to accelerate if the nationwide shutdown that started in late January continued in the coming weeks

.African swine fever, which swept through China in 2019, wiped out two-fifths of the nation’s pig herd. Pig farmers were now also struggling to source enough feed for their animals, especially in Hubei, the province at the centre of the outbreak.
 

Vit Nam needs to find new rice markets to replace China: experts,Viet Nam News,20.2.17

‎Since the new coronavirus epidemic will surely affect exports to China, diversifying markets is an urgent requirement for Vietnamese rice exporters, experts have said.
 

Food exports to China rising,Bangkok Post,20.2.17

Thailand's food exports to China are likely to double in the second quarter, driven by a surge in demand after food stocks for the first quarter are depleted.

Visit Limlurcha, vice-chairman of the Thai National Shippers' Council and president of the Thai Food Processors Association, said that if the coronavirus epidemic can be kept under control in the first quarter, China's demand for imported food from Thailand is expected to double in the second quarter.
 

Organic vegetable retailer unveils QR code scheme for origin source,Phnom Penh Post,20.2.16

Organic vegetable retailer Natural Agriculture Village has introduced QR codes on its product packaging, which will allow consumers to see where their produce comes from.

Natural Agriculture Village president Bun Sieng, who is also a member of local distributor Green Gold, told The Post on Sunday that their suppliers produce safe vegetables and follow Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) guidelines.
 

Mekong Delta sets up public tap water faucets as saline intrusion peaks,Viet Nam News,20.2.15

‎The Cu Long (Mekong) Delta is taking steps to ensure sufficient fresh water supply for household use and agricultural production in areas affected by saltwater intrusion and drought.  
 

オセアニア(Oceania)top  

 

Dairy farm sales slump and median farm price drops,Sydney Morning Herald,20.2.20

‎RNZ Dairy farm sales have slumped, new figures from the Real Estate Institute of New Zealand reveal.The data shows 1277 farm sales took place in the year to January 2020, 14.7 per cent fewer than in the year to January 2019.Dairy...

  

A farm to withstand a cyclone: rebuilding after Fiji's worst storm,The Guardian,20.2.20

Cyclone Winston devastated Fiji’s agriculture sector, but regenerative farming may provide the solution

 

Organic fruit and vegetables in demand as supermarkets move to reduce prices,ABC Rural,20.2.19

One of Australia's major supermarkets is looking to capitalise on a growing appetite for organic food with plans to reduce organic prices and increase market share.

Key points:

  • Australian Organic Limited valued the domestic organic industry in 2019 at $2.6 billion and described the sector as growing to record levels
  • Supermarket giant Woolworths says fresh produce organic sales could reach as much as 5 per cent of the market in Australia, up from 2 per cent
  • Organic fresh produce sales in the US are around 7 per cent of total sales, in Germany around 13-15 per cent

 

Annual food price rise biggest since GST-influenced 2011,New Zealnd Herald,20.2.18

It is getting tougher to be a meat eater, as price surges of 21 per cent for bacon, 14 per cent for lamb chops and 13 per cent for beef mince have contributed to the largest annual rise in food prices for eight years, Stats NZ says.

The agency said beef and blade steak prices reached all-time highs last month, pushed up by increased export demand from China, which has had more than half of its pig population wiped out by the African swine fever (ASF) epidemic.

Meat Industry Association data showed that China took 57 per cent more New Zealand red meat last year, importing $3.7 billion worth of meat, of which almost half — $1.7 billion worth — was in beef products.

   

中近東・北アフリカ(Near and Middle East,N.Africa top   
 

  

アフリカ(Africatop

 

Hunger threatens over half of the population in South Sudan,FAO,20.2.20New

 

バッタの大群、飢餓にあえぐ南スーダンに飛来 さらなる惨事の恐れも AFPBB 20.2.20

東アフリカ各地に甚大な被害をもたらしているバッタの大群が、南スーダンに到達したと、同国政府が18日、発表した。世界で最も脆弱(ぜいじゃく)な国の一つが、さらなる苦境に直面する恐れがある。

 

Animal feed makers want duty free yellow maize imports,Business Daily,20.2.19

‎AKFEMA says they should be allowed to import four million bags of the maize in order to lower the current high cost of feeds

 

Locust invasion munches into our precarious food security,Daily Nation,20.2.18

Anyone in government who says the situation is under control is lying. 

  

Agency now warns of Kenya’s rating threat from locust invasion,Business Daily,20.2.18

‎The invasion of Kenya by locusts could reduce the international creditworthiness of the country with a decline in agricultural production.

  

Panic as desert locusts spread to Otuke,Daily Monitor,20.2.18

The insects were reportedly seen in Atirayon Parish in Ogwete Sub-county at the Otuke-Napak border. However, there have been no immediate reports on destruction caused by the locusts

 

Mwea rice farmers target Sh46bn from bumper harvests,Daily Nation,20.2.15

‎President Kenyatta directed that unprocessed rice be bought at Sh85 per kilogramme up from Sh45.
 

Kenya hires foreign experts to fight locusts,Daily Monitor,20.2.15

‎To shore up the effort, Kenyan government has enlisted the help of 120 extension service providers, and 600 NYS servicemen are expected to join the efforts
 

ーロッパEuropetop)

 

Macron veut protéger les agriculteurs contre les « stigmatisations »,Le Monde,20.2.21New

« Je ne tolérerai aucune violence à l’encontre des agriculteurs » a affirmé, dans une interview à la presse quotidienne régionale, le chef de l’Etat qui inaugurera le Salon de l’agriculture samedi.

C’est un classique, un incontournable même pour tout président de la République française. Emmanuel Macron sera samedi porte de Versailles à Paris pour inaugurer le Salon de l’agriculture. Il s’est exprimé en ligne, jeudi 20 février, dans la presse quotidienne régionale (PQR), évoquant notamment la notion d’« agribashing » dont souffre le monde agricole.

« Nous sentons aujourd’hui une tension forte dans la société et il faut à la fois protéger les agriculteurs contre les stigmatisations dont ils sont l’objet et réussir la transformation du modèle agricole », a affirmé M. Macron dans plusieurs journaux régionaux – dont Ouest France et La Voix du Nord – avant d’assurer :

« Les tensions, on les sent sur l’élevage et le bien-être animal, sur l’agriculture et l’utilisation des pesticides. Je ne tolérerai aucune violence à l’encontre des agriculteurs. » 

 

Budget de l'UE La Pac « priorité absolue » pour Paris,Agri Mutuel,20.2.19

La Pac « est une priorité essentielle, absolue », a affirmé la présidence française à la veille d’un sommet qui s’annonce difficile à Bruxelles. « Nous avons placé tout en haut de nos priorités » le fait « d’avoir une revalorisation nécessaire » de la Pac dans le prochain budget 2021-2027. Pour l’heure, « le compte n’y est pas » alors que, dans le projet préparé par le président du Conseil européen Charles Michel, le budget de la Pac est « en baisse » par rapport à celui de la période qui se termine en 2020.

Face aux critiques de certains pays, Charles Michel a récemment un peu renforcé les budgets pour la Pac et la politique de cohésion, mais ces deux domaines accusent toujours une baisse globale de 80 milliards d’euros.

 

PAC 2021-2027 : Le financement de la transition agricole doit être ambitieux,La Confédération paysanne,20.2.18

Ce jeudi 20 février, les dirigeants européens se réuniront pour débattre du futur budget.Leprésident du Conseil européen, Charles Michel, présentera alors sa proposition de budget 2021-2027 en baisse de 14% par rapport à la PAC* actuelle, avec une baisse de 25% du second pilier. Il a ainsi décidé de ne pas suivre la proposition de la Finlande de stabiliser le budget du second pilier en y affectant 10 milliards d'euros supplémentaires. De plus, il recule et propose de plafonner l'aide de base à seulement 100 000 euros.

L'ambition de la France et de l'Europe en matière de transition agroécologique est affichée fortement, la PAC* devra être en cohérence avec les multiples stratégies allant dans ce sens : le green deal, la stratégie de la fourche à la fourchette, la stratégie biodiversité, etc. Les mesures du second pilier, MAEC, aide à la conversion bio, ICHN*, sont les plus pertinentes pour répondre à cet enjeu. Une baisse de 25% du budget dédié à la transition serait une catastrophe et un signal déplorable envoyé par l'Europe.----------

 

仏農業省、国内初のトマトウイルス汚染を確認 AFPBB 20.2.18

218 AFP】フランス農業省は17日、同国最西端フィニステール(Finistere)県のトマト農園が壊滅的なウイルスに汚染されていると発表した。

 このウイルスによる汚染例が確認されたのはフランスでは初めてで、同県で栽培しているすべてのトマトの廃棄につながる恐れがあるという。農業省によると、既知の対応策がないため農園は隔離され、トマト用の温室は解体される。 

 

北欧のワイン造り、新種ブドウで気候条件克服 味は「申し分なし」 AFPBB 20.2.16 

 

北米top 

US agriculture secretary breaks ranks on carbon pricing,FT.com,20.2.21New

A member of Donald Trump’s cabinet has broken ranks with many other Republicans and endorsed putting a price on carbon dioxide, a climate change policy favoured by many economists but shunned by the administration.

Sonny Perdue, the US secretary of agriculture, on Thursday unveiled environmental goals for the farm sector that included locking more heat-trapping carbon dioxide in the soil.

     

中南米(C.S.Americatop

 

Argentine meat industry suffering great losses because of coronavirus and closure of Chinese market,Merco Press,20.2.18

‎Argentina's meat industry is becoming highly complicated because of the drop in exports to its main market, China, warned Daniel Urcía, vice-president of the Argentine regional abattoirs industry, FIFRA.

Argentina's meat industry is becoming highly complicated because of the drop in exports to its main market, China, warned Daniel Urcía, vice-president of the Argentine regional abattoirs industry, FIFRA.

“May I remind all those involved that China absorbs 70% of Argentina's meat exports and redistributing that volume is not an easy job, even to some alternative markets for that beef since most probably the abattoirs don't have the necessary certification, as could be the case of Russia”, added Urcía.